Report On the State of the Environment In China
Water Environment
Marine Environment
Atmospheric Environment
Acoustic Environment
Solid Waste
Radiation Environment
Natural Ecology
Arable Land and Rural Environment
Climate and Natural Disasters
Environmental Management

General Situaiton

In 2006, total generated amount of industrial solid waste in China was 1.520 billion tons, up by 13.1% compared with that of 2005. The discharged amount of industrial solid was 13.03 million tons, down by 21.3% than in 2005. A total of 926 million tons of industrial solid were comprehensively utilized.

Measures and Actions

¡¾Development of Laws, Regulations and Standards¡¿In 2006, SEPA issued the Guidelines on the Release of the Information about the Prevention and Control of Solid Waste Pollution in Large and Medium Sized Cities, drafted such documents as the Measures on the Administration of the Application and Approval for the Export of Hazardous Waste, Guidelines for Hazardous Waste Operation Unit on the Development of Emergency Response and Detailed Rules on the Review of the Operation License for Hazardous Waste. It also organized the compilation of the Environmental Technical Specifications on the Treatment of Chrome Slag Pollution.

¡¾National Plan for the Construction of Disposal Facilities for Hazardous Waste and Medical Waste¡¿In 2006, SEPA finished the technical review of 75 feasibility study reports of the projects under the National Plan for the Construction of Disposal Facilities for Hazardous Waste and Medical Waste. National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) made an investment plan for 43 disposal facility construction projects for hazardous and medical waste (including 2 hazardous waste disposal projects in Chongqing), which approved total investment of 1817.34 million yuan (1096.67 million yuan were special fund from the central budget and 720.67 million yuan were were local supporting fund). It put in place 715.93 million yuan special fund in the central budget, approved 3 capacity building projects under the National Plan for the Construction of Disposal Facilities for Hazardous Waste and Medical Waste and total investment of 602.50 million yuan (Among them, 532.17 million yuan were special fund from the central budget and 70.33 million yuan were local supporting fund). The authority also put in place 296.18 million yuan special fund from the central budget (among them, 289.18 million yuan were for 31 radioactive waste projects and 7 million yuan for the construction of dioxin lab). In 2006, a total of 1012.11 million yuan special funds from the central budget were put in place under the National Plan for the Construction of Disposal Facilities for Hazardous Waste and Medical Waste.

¡¾Environmental Management of Hazardous Waste¡¿In 2006, SEPA organized experts carrying out review of application documents and site inspection on 13 units applying for operation license of hazardous waste and issued 12 such operation license. To support national survey on pollution sources, SEPA selected chemical raw material industry and chemical manufacturing industry across China as key industries to carry out trial work on the notification & registration of industrial hazardous waste and special investigation on the sources of such waste. To ensure smooth implementation of the the Program on Integrated Treatment of Chrome Slag Pollution, SEPA and NDRC conducted site supervision on the treatment of chrome slag pollution in some provinces and municipalities. With close cooperation and on the basis of special inspection of last year, SEPA and Ministry of Health carried out another special inspection on medical waste in some coastal provinces and municipalities of Southeast China.

¡¾Environmental Management of the Import & Export of Toxic Chemicals¡¿SEPA, Ministry of Commerce and General Administration of Customs jointly issued the List of Goods Prohibited to Be Imported (Sixth Group) and List of Goods Prohibited to Be Exported (Third Group), which include 17 toxic chemicals phasing out in China or banned by international conventions into the national list of goods prohibited to be imported or exported. SEPA and General Administration of Customs (GAC) jointly issued the List of China on Toxic Chemicals under Strict Restriction, which includes 188 types of toxic chemicals and replaces the List of China on Toxic Chemicals under Prohibition or Strict Restriction (First and Second Groups) as of January 1, 2006. It sets up one-year transition period in accordance with the Regulations on Environmental Management of the First Import of Chemicals and Import & Export of Toxic Chemicals. In 2006, SEPA reviewed and issued 281 Registration Certificates on Environmental Management of Import & Export of Toxic Chemicals and 10,518 letters of advice for passing environmental management of import & export of toxic chemicals.

¡¾Management on Import Waste¡¿In 2006, SEPA distributed the Circular on Strengthening the Administration of Approval for Imported Waste under Restriction. SEPA and GAC jointly launched the "Special Action for Sky Protection" to prevent and crack down the illegal transboundary movement of waste to China.

SEPA enhanced the review and administration on the designated enterprises that process and reuse of imported waste metals, electrical appliance, wire & cable and electric machinery. It made public 505 enterprises from 28 provinces or municipalities as designated units in 2006. It has enhanced the supervision and management on import-waste processing and reuse enterprises, organized local environmental protection departments to investigate 26 reports on the import of waste and suspended the approval of the import of waste to 5 enterprises among them. It continued its promotion of "concentrated management" of import waste. In July of 2006, SEPA approved the development of import-waste processing industrial parks in ZhaoqingCity and JiangmenCity in GuangdongProvince.

In 2006, SEPA reviewed a total of 12,051 application documents from 3,577 enterprises that import waste for processing and utilization and issued 11,365 permits for the import of solid waste. It approved the import of a total of 96.63 million tons of waste. Import wastes with the largest amount were waste paper, waste iron & steel, waste hardware & electric appliance and waste plastics.

¡¾Prevention and Control of Electronic Waste Pollution¡¿In 2006, SEPA drafted the Measures on Environmental Management of Electronic Waste. With the support of SEPA, Ministry of Information Industry has developed and issued the Limits of Toxic and Hazardous Substances in Electronic Information Products and Label Requirements for Pollution Control of Electronic Information Products. It has kept on supporting enterprises to carry out spontaneous activities in collecting and treatment of electronic waste and explored producer recycling its waste product mechanism.

¡¾Implementation of International Conventions¡¿In 2006, SEPA facilitated relevant implementation work in such areas as control of transboundary movement of hazardous waste, registration of toxic and new chemical substances and strengthening of structure adjustment of chemical industries and products in accordance with the requirements of international conventions.

The implementation of the Stockholm Convention on Persistant Organic Pollutants by the Chinese Government has evolved from early preparation stage to overall implementation stage. In 2006, 11 members of national implementation coordination group including SEPA discussed and studied the management policy on POPs and coordinated the implementation work of each relevant department. Shaanxi, Chongqing and Tianjin have established provincial level implementation institution for the Stockholm Convention. As a result, the overall capacity of China in implementation of the Convention has strengthened. SEPA in cooperation with relevant departments finished the National Implementation Plan of the People's Republic of China for the Stockholm Convention on Permenant Organic Pollutants. It has signed and launched such projects as the Demonstration Project on the Management and Disposal of PCB in China and Demonstration Project on the Substitution of Anti-termite Chlordan and Mirex with introduction of about $34 million and financing of around $30 million.

SEPA also implemented the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade and Basel Convention and gave response to the requests and procedures to other parties.