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Circular of State Council General Office on Printing and Distributing the "Plan for Assignment of the Major Tasks Specified by National Twelfth Five-Year Plan for Environmental Protection"
Article type: Translated

Plan for Assignment of the Major Tasks Specified by the National Twelfth Five-Year Plan for Environmental Protection among State Departments

I. Advancing the reduction of major pollutants
a. Working harder on restructuring
1. Work harder to phase out inefficient production capacities in iron and steel, non-ferrous metal, building materials, chemical, electric power, coal, papermaking, printing and dyeing, and leather-making industries; develop annual implementation plan, assign pollutant reduction tasks to local regions and companies, and announce the list of companies whose inefficient production capacities are to be phased out; establish a review mechanism that enables the new projects complementary with the effort to reduce pollution and phase out inefficient production capacities; introduce the scheme of replacing inefficient production capacities with equal or downsized new production capacities. (Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT), National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP), National Energy Administration (NEA), State Electricity Regulatory Commission (SERC), Ministry of Finance (MoF). The first State department is the leading department, and the other State departments or organizations assume responsibilities according to their job descriptions; sic passim)

2. Keep the energy consumption size at an appropriate level, and promote the development of non-fossil energy sources; increase the supply of natural gas and coal-bed gas; improve the coal washing, preparation and processing levels; and carry out pilot projects on control of coal consumption size in key regions within the regional cooperation program on air pollution control. (SEA, NDRC, MIIT, SERC, MEP, National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), Ministry of Land and Resources (MLR))

3. Explore a system to evaluate the pollutant intensity of unit product. (MEP, MIIT and other relevant State departments)

4. Make earnest efforts to promote cleaner production and develop circular economy; set stricter discharge standards and cleaner production evaluation indicators for the papermaking, printing and dyeing, chemical, metallurgical, building materials, non-ferrous metal, and leather-making industries; promote the cleaner production model projects in the agricultural, industrial, building, and commerce and trade sectors; deepen the model projects and pilot projects on circular economy, accelerate the industrialization of resource recycling, advance the development of circular economy in production, distribution, and consumption links, and establish a resource recycling system that covers the whole society. (NDRC, MEP, Ministry of Agriculture (MoA), MIIT, Ministry of Housing and Urban-rural Development (MHURD), Ministry of Commerce (MoC), Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST), Ministry of Finance (MoF), SEA)

b. Striving to cut down chemical oxygen demand and ammonia nitrogen
5. Work harder to cut down water pollutants in major regions; keep new projects in the non-ferrous metal, papermaking, printing and dyeing, chemical, and leather-making industries away from the headwaters of rivers in key basins; strictly control new projects in papermaking, printing and dyeing, leather-making, pesticide, and nitrogen fertilizer industries that simply add up production capacities in the Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta; introduce the total pollutant load control system for total nitrogen and total phosphorous in lakes and reservoirs subject to eutrophication and coastal regions vulnerable to red tides along East China Sea and Bohai Sea. (MEP, NDRC, MIIT, State Oceanic Administration(SOA), Ministry of Water Resources (MWR))

6. Introduce the total pollutant load control system for chemical oxygen demand and ammonia nitrogen in the papermaking, printing and dyeing, and chemical industries, and cut down at least 10% of each of the two pollutants from the 2010 level. (MEP, NDRC, MIIT)

7. Improve the municipal wastewater treatment level. (NDRC, MHURD, MoF, MEP)

8. Advance the prevention and control of pollution by scaled livestock and poultry breeding farms; optimize the layout of breeding farms, keep the livestock or poultry stock at an appropriate level, improve the breeding methods, promote cleaner breeding methods, and advance the recycling of wastes from breeding farms; comply with discharge standards for the livestock and poultry breeding industry, and collect and treat the pollutants from breeding plots and dotted household breeding pens; equip above 50% of the scaled livestock and poultry breeding farms and plots with matching facilities for collection and treatment of solid wastes and sewage. (MoA, MEP, NDRC, MoF, SEA)

c. Work harder to cut down emission of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides
9. Continue emissions reduction in the electric power industry; have desulphurization and denitrification facilities built in synchronization with new coal-fired power generation units, phase out in-service coal-fired units without desulphurization facilities as soon as possible or equip them with such facilities, and have flue gas bypass removed from flue gas desulphurization facilities in accordance with relevant regulations; speed up the transformation of coal-fired power generation units to use low-nitrogen combustion technology and accelerate the development of flue gas denitrification facilities, and install denitrification facilities to all of the coal-fired power units with capacity at or above 300,000 kW; enhance the oversight over the operation of desulphurization and denitrification facilities, and order such facilities that fail to meet emission standards to make corrections within a specific period of time. (MEP, NDRC, MIIT, SEA, SERC, MoF)

10. Promote the total pollutant load control of sulfur dioxide in the iron and steel industry, install flue gas desulphurization facilities in all of the sintering machines, and equip matching desulphurization and denitrification facilities for new sintering machines; strengthen the treatment of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides in the cement, petrochemical, and coal chemical industries; transform the industrial kilns and furnaces in the petrochemical, non-ferrous metal, and building materials industries so their emissions can be sulfur-free; transform the new type of dry-process cement kilns with low-nitrogen combustion technology, and equip new cement production lines with denitrification facilities whose efficiency is no less than 60%; carry out flue gas treatment projects among coal-fired boilers according to local conditions, install sulfur and nitrite removal facilities to new coal-fired boilers, install sulfur removal facilities to all in-service coal-fired boilers, and install low-nitrogen combustion devices to in-service coal-fired boilers in eastern region of China. (MEP, MIIT, NDRC, SEA, MoF)

11. Control emissions of nitrogen oxides from vehicles and ships; introduce the eco-label management scheme for vehicles; accelerate the phase-out of old and abandoned automobiles, engines and ships, and basically phase out all the "yellow-tagged" vehicles (gasoline-fueled vehicles that fail to meet national Phase I emission standards or diesel-fueled vehicles that fail to meet national Phase III emission standards) registered prior to 2005. (MEP, Ministry of Public Security (MPS), Ministry of Transport (MoT), MoC, Ministry of Railways (MoR), MIIT)

12. Set higher environmental bars for vehicles, strengthen the check on conformity of production, and forbid the production, sales, and registration of vehicles not in compliance with emission standards; encourage the use of new energy vehicles; make earnest effort to develop urban public transport, and explore the way to regulate the vehicle population of metropolises and major cities. (MEP, MIIT, NDRC, MPS, MoST, SEA, MoT, General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine(AQSIQ))

13. Improve the quality of vehicle fuels, give incentives to the use of new types of cleaner fuels, and enable the access to vehicle fuels that comply with national Phase IV emission standards throughout the country. (NDRC, MEP, MoF, SEA, MoC, MIIT, AQSIQ)

II. Making earnest effort to solve prominent environmental problems
a. Improving water environment quality
14. Strictly protect source waters; further prevent and control water pollution in key basins, and do a good job about this in other basins. (MEP, NDRC, MoF, MHURD, MoT, MWR, MoA, State Forestry Administration (STA))

15. Integrated prevention and control of marine environment pollution and ecological damages; make overall pollution control plans for land and sea, take both rivers and seas into consideration, and advance the integrated treatment of major seas including Bohai Sea; introduce total pollutant load control system in major seas; make the pollution control efforts in coastal regions and in basins more complementary; up the environmental supervision on coastal and offshore projects, waste dumping into seas and ship pollution, strictly control the reclamation of land from the sea in ecologically sensitive regions; bring down the pollutant discharge intensity of marine aquaculture industry; by the year 2015, the water quality of coastal seawaters will have been stable, and that of Yangtze River, Yellow River, and Pearl River estuaries and of major bays including Bohai Bay will have been improved. (MEP, NDRC, SOA, MoA, SFA, MoT)

16. Increase the afforestation of shelter forests in coastal regions, and protect and restore typical marine ecosystems including coastal wetlands, mangrove forests, and coral reefs; shore up the marine biodiversity conservation; phase in life form, red tide, and oil spill incident as regular monitoring indicators in major seas, and strengthen the emergency response to incidents including marine oil spill incidents; set up a marine environment monitoring data sharing mechanism. (SOA, SFA, MoA, MoT, MEP, China Meteorological Administration (CMA))

17. Strengthen the supervision on groundwater environment concerning major industries; eliminate groundwater pollution sources such as seepage well and pits, and block pollution passages such as abandoned drilling wells and mines; prevent the underground engineering facilities and underground prospecting and mining activities from polluting groundwater. (MEP, MLR, MWR)

18. Control the impact of hazardous wastes, urban pollution and agricultural non-point pollution on groundwater; prevent and control the pollution to groundwater by contaminated soils and sewage irrigation; carry out pilot projects on groundwater remediation in regions with prominent groundwater pollution problems, and give priority to enhancing groundwater pollution control in north China; conduct model projects on integrated prevention and control of seawater intrusion. (MEP, NDRC, MLR, MWR, MoA, SOA)

b. Integrated control of multiple air pollutants
19. Furthering the control of pollution by particulate matters; work harder to control industrial soot and dust, facilitate the upgrading of dust removal facilities in coal-fired power plants and cement plants, install high-efficiency dust collectors to all of the in-service sintering (pelletizing) equipment in the iron and steel industry, and strengthen the construction of dust collection facilities for the production processes; install high-efficiency dust collectors to coal-fired boilers (capacity¡İ20 T/h), and give incentives for other medium-and small-sized coal-fired industrial boilers to turn to low-ash coal or cleaner energy. (MEP, MIIT, NDRC, SEA, SERC)

20. Step up the control of VOCs emissions during the production, transmission and storage processes of the petrochemical industry; encourage the use of water-base, low-toxicity or low-volatility organic solvents, promote the control of pollution by organic waste gas from the fine chemical industry, and enhance the recovery and recycling of organic waste gas. (MEP, MIIT, NDRC)

21. Conduct clean air action in cities, and step up the air pollution prevention and control effort in cities such as Urumqi; introduce air quality grading system in cities, and develop and implement plans to enable the cities that fail to meet emission standards to manage to do otherwise. (MEP, MHURD, MoF, CMA)

22. Step up the acoustic environment quality management in urban and rural regions; work harder to prevent and control noise pollution caused by transport, construction sites, industries and social activities; delineate or re-delineate acoustic environment function zones, enhance management to enable the function zones to meet noise standards, and enable more function zones to meet noise standards; do a good job in controlling major noise sources and solve noise problems that become public concerns. (MEP, MHURD, MoT, MPS, MIIT, MoR)

c. Stepping up soil environmental protection
23. Work out a scheme for evaluating and file-recording soil environmental quality of lands used for construction projects and the survey, evaluation and remediation schemes for contaminated soils, and specify the parties responsible for soil remediation as well as relevant remediation requirements; conduct pilot projects on soil contamination evaluation and safety grading of farm produce bases. (MEP, MoA, MLR, AQSIQ)

24. Tighten the environmental supervision on contaminated sites in urban areas and by industrial and mining enterprises, conduct environmental risk evaluation for the recycling of contaminated sites, incorporate risk evaluation into the environmental impact assessment of construction projects, and forbid the transfer, development and use of contaminated sites not evaluated or environmentally-sound remediated; take measures to prevent spread of pollution by contaminated sites identified to have serious impact on public health, do not give a green light to the development of residential buildings on such sites, and have residents living on such sites displaced. (MEP, MLR, MIIT, MHURD, MoA)

25. Conduct pilot and model projects on the remediation and restoration of contaminated sites and soils, with the focus on typical contaminated sites including outskirts of big-and medium-sized cities, highly polluting industrial and mining enterprises, vicinity of collective wastewater treatment facilities, priority regions tasked with prevention and control of heavy metal pollution, vicinity of source waters, as well as contaminated farmlands; divert more resources to the remediation and restoration of previous contaminated sites and soils for which the responsible parties no longer exist. (MEP, MLR, NDRC, MoF, MoA)

d. Strengthening ecological conservation and supervision
26. Work harder on the development of ecological environment monitoring and evaluation schemes, and conduct consecutive monitoring and regular evaluation of the structures and functions of ecosystems; carry out ecological conservation and restoration projects; strictly control the total pollutant load of key ecosystem function zones, and be serious about the environmental bars set for industries. (MEP, SFA, MoA, MWR, SOA, MoF, NDRC, CMA)

27. Improve the development and regulation levels of nature reserves; carry out fact sheet survey and evaluation of nature reserves, and make overall plans for the development of nature reserves in the country; step up the development and management of nature reserves, and strengthen the standardization of national nature reserves; salvage remaining natural habitats in the densely populated regions in central and eastern China. (MEP, SFA, MLR, MoA, MWR, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), SOA, MoF, NDRC)

28. Work harder on biodiversity conservation; carry out pilot projects on biodiversity monitoring and establish model areas for protection and restoration of biodiversity; facilitate the development of plasma resources bank in key regions and industries; enhance the exit-entry surveillance of biological species resources; work out legislations on preventing the alien species invasion and enhanced safety administration of genetically modified organisms; tighten the supervision on the release of genetically modified organisms into the environment and on the use of microorganisms for the purposes of environmental improvement, and prevent and control alien invasive species. (MEP, MoST, MoA, SFA, SOA, General Administration of Customs (GAC), AQSIQ, CAS, Ministry of Education (MoE))

29. Facilitate the supervision on ecological environment during the resource development activities; implement ecological function zoning plans, and set standards for the development and use of resources; tighten the ecological supervision during the development activities of mineral, hydropower, and tourism resources and the development of transport infrastructures, and require relevant businesses concerned to shoulder responsibilities of ecological conservation and restoration. (MEP, NDRC, MLR, MIIT, MoT, MWR, National Tourism Administration (NTA), SFA, MoA, SOA)

30. Introduce the deposit scheme for the environmental governance and ecological restoration of mines. (MoF, MEP, MLR, SEA, SFA)

III. Strengthening the environmental risk control in key sectors
a. Advancing the whole-process management of environmental risks
31. Conduct surveys and evaluation of environmental risks; conduct an all-round survey on key environmental risk sources and environmental sensitive sites, with the focus on dischargers of heavy metals, hazardous wastes, and persistent organic pollutants, and producers and users of hazardous chemicals, and establish environmental risk source database; conduct studies on the environmental risk generation, transmission, and control mechanisms. (MEP, MIIT, MoST, NDRC, SERC, State Administration of Work Safety (SAWS), MoF, State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission (SOASAC))

32. Conduct surveys on the environmental pollution and health damages, and set up the environment and health risk evaluation system. (MEP, MoH, MoF)

33. Improve the environmental risk management system that gives priority to risk prevention, and identify the businesses as the main player for risk control; set standards for evaluation of environmental risks, and improve relevant technical policies, standards, and engineering criteria; establish the environmental emergency reporting and response schemes and feature pollutant monitoring and reporting scheme for businesses. (MEP, MIIT, SAWS, MPS, MHURD, SOASAC, MoT)

34. Organize thematic inspection campaigns on major risk sources, and important and sensitive regions on a regular basis, put enterprises with high risks on blacklist, order them to make corrections within a specific period of time or relocate them, and shut down enterprises that cannot be saved by making corrections. (MEP, MIIT, NDRC, SAWS, Ministry of Supervision (MoS), MLR, MWR, SEA, SOASAC)

35. Improve the environmental emergency response and rescue system, work out an environmental emergency response and rescue mechanism characterized with government leadership, interdepartmental coordination, responsibilities at all levels, and social participation, and properly handle environmental emergencies by law and in a science-based approach. (MEP, NDRC, MPS, MoF, MHURD, MoT, MoH, SAWS, MWR, CMA, SOA, MoS, MIIT)

36. Establish environmental incident disposal, and damage compensation and restoration mechanisms; list the effective control and proper response to major environmental emergencies as an important agenda of local people¡¯s governments, and incorporate it into the environmental target responsibility system. (MEP, MoF, MoS, Ministry of Justice (MoJ), MoT)

37. Facilitate the institutional development for the identification and evaluation of damages by environmental pollution, establish the identification and evaluation working mechanism, and improve the damage compensation system; work out the damage evaluation, compensation, and restoration technologies; improve the environmental pollution liability insurance system, and work on establishing mandatory insurance system to be imposed on enterprises with high environmental risks such as those discharging heavy metals. (MEP, MoJ, MIIT, China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC), NDRC, MoF, MoST, MoA, MoT)

b. Strengthening nuclear and radiation safety management
38. Make it more safe to use nuclear energy and technology; work harder on the analysis, forecast, and early warning of the impact of major natural hazards on nuclear facilities; improve the reliability during the design, manufacturing, installing, and operation of nuclear safety devices; work harder on safety improvements of research reactors and nuclear fuel cycling facilities, and restrict the operation or gradually shut down facilities that fail to meet safety requirements; set standards to regulate the application of nuclear technology, organize comprehensive safety check on users of nuclear technologies, and compulsory decommission nuclear technology application projects that constitute serious safety concerns. (MEP, State Administration of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense (SASTIND), MoH, CMA, NDRC, China Earthquake Administration (CEA), SOA)

39. Enhance the supervision on nuclear and radiation safety; improve the nuclear and radiation safety appraisal methods; strengthen the safety regulation during operation of nuclear facilities, work harder on the safety analysis and evaluation of proposed and under-way nuclear facilities, and improve the nuclear safety permit system; improve the safety management of early generations of nuclear facilities; tighten the safety supervision during the production, transport, and storage links of nuclear materials and radioactive substances; shore up the safety regulation for application of nuclear technologies, and improve the information system for nuclear technology application and radiation safety management; work harder on monitoring of radiation environment quality as well as supervision-oriented monitoring of discharge from nuclear facilities; perfect the international cooperation mechanism on nuclear and radiation safety regulation, and work harder on the nuclear safety education and communications. (MEP, SASTIND, NDRC, MoF, MoT, MPS, MoE)

40. Step up the prevention and control of radioactive pollution; facilitate the decommissioning of early generations of nuclear facilities and decontamination of radioactive pollution; decommission civil radiation exposure devices and recover waste radiation devices; speed up the capacity building for the storage, processing, and disposal of radioactive wastes, and basically eliminate the risks imposed by previous medium-level and low-level liquid waste; accelerate the treatment of pollution by uranium minerals and radioactive associate minerals, shut down uranium mining and metallurgical facilities not in compliance with safety requirements, and set up a long-term on-watch mechanism for decommissioning of the uranium mining and milling facilities. (MEP, NDRC, SASTIND, MoF, MLR, MoH)

c. Containing the rising trend of pollution incidents concerning heavy metals
41. Introduce the total pollutant load control system for major heavy metals in key regions required for integrated prevention and control of heavy metal pollution; work harder on the prevention and control of heavy metal pollution in key industries and regions; strengthen the effort to prevent and control such pollution, with the priority given to the non-ferrous metal (associate minerals included)mining and processing industries, non-ferrous metal metallurgy industry, lead-acid battery manufacturing industry, leather and leather product manufacturing industries, raw chemical materials and chemical product manufacturing industries, and gather the pace to eliminate inefficient production capacities in heavy-metal related companies; make rational adjustments to the layout of heavy-metal-related companies, set higher bars for heavy metal industry, and strictly implement the regulations on health protection distance; replace inefficient production capacities with equal or downsized new capacities, and ban new projects, rebuilt projects, or expanded projects that would have contributed to more heavy metal pollutants in key regions; encourage local provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government) to explore the way to replace or trade heavy metal discharge allowances in regions other than key regions; set specific emission caps for heavy metal pollutants in key regions and industries and enforce them; conduct mandatory cleaner production audit in major companies once every two years. (MEP, MIIT, NDRC, MoH, MoF, MLR, MoA, MoST)

42. Encourage the lead-acid battery manufacturers, non-ferrous metal metallurgical companies, leather and leather product manufacturers, and electroplating companies to reshuffle and move to industrial parks, and set stricter environmental requirements for those industrial parks. (MIIT, MEP, NDRC, MoC, MoH)

43. Improve the monitoring, diagnosis and medical treatment system for the health damages posed by heavy metal pollution. (MoH, MEP, MoF)

d. Advancing the safe processing and disposal of solid wastes
44. Carry out intensive inspection on and evaluation of the solid waste recycling and disposal facilities built by owner companies, and enable the hazardous waste recycling and disposal business to be industrialized, specialized and scaled; control the amount of hazardous landfill wastes; and eliminate illegal processing facilities of waste lead-acid batteries. (MEP, NDRC, MIIT)

45. Gather pace to promote the safe disposal of previous chromium residues left undisposed, and make sure the incremented chromium residues are disposed in environmentally sound approach. (MEP, NDRC, MIIT)

46. Introduce the extended producer responsibility system, set standards for the recovery and disposal of waste electric and electronic products, establish waste and used substances recovery system and set up collective processing parks for those substances, and promote the comprehensive recycling of the resources; work harder to get imported wastes processed in recycled resources processing parks; carry out pilot projects on disposing domestic garbage and sludge during the industrial processes. (MEP, NDRC, MIIT, MHURD, MoC, MoF, GAC, AQSIQ)

47. Encourage gas production by anaerobic process of garbage, power and heat generation by garbage incineration process, power generation by landfill gas, and recycle of kitchen residues into resources. (SEA, NDRC, MHURD, MoF, MoC, MIIT, MEP, MoST, MoA)

e. Establishing the environmental risk control system for chemicals
48. Improve relevant industry access standards, environmental quality standards, discharge standards, and technical specifications for chemicals monitoring, introduce the reporting system for discharge and transfer of chemicals, and conduct mandatory cleaner production audit; set up the whole-life accountability system and whole-process administrative accountability system for environmental pollution by chemicals. (MEP, MIIT, MPS, MoS, MoT, AQSIQ, MoR, SAWS, MoST)

49. New projects concerning hazardous chemicals shall be located in chemical industrial parks or complexes, and existing companies in the hazardous chemical business line and outside of chemical industrial parks shall be gradually relocated in such parks. (MEP, NDRC, MIIT, MoF, SAWS, MHURD, MLR)

50. Work harder to prevent and control dioxins pollution, and set up a complete dioxins pollution prevention and control system and a long-term supervision mechanism, with the priorities given to iron ore sintering process, steel-making process by electric arc furnace, production of recycled non-ferrous metals, and solid waste incineration industry. (MEP, MIIT, NDRC, MoH, MHURD, MoF, MoST)

IV. Improving the basic public service system of environmental protection
a. Promoting the equalization of the basic public service of environmental protection
51. Develop national environmental function zoning plans. Develop national environmental function zoning plans in light of the disparities among major environmental functions of different regions, targeted at safeguarding environmental health, securing nature and ecology, and guaranteeing the environmental safety of food bases, and in integration with national plan on main functional zones; draw a red line for ecological conservation in major ecological function zones as well as ecologically sensitive and vulnerable regions on land and at sea, set environmental goals and develop environmental policies and standards for different regions, and introduce type-specific guidance and region-specific management. (MEP, NDRC, MIIT, MoF, MoA, MHURD, MWR, SFA, SEA, SOA, MLR, CMA)

52. Promote the equalization of basic public service of environmental protection among different regions. Rationally define the scope and standards for the basic public service of environmental protection, make overall plans for urban and rural areas and for different regions, and improve the basic public service system of environmental protection. (NDRC, MoF, MEP)

53. By way of general purpose transfer payment and ecological compensations, the Central Government shall boost the financial aids to western region, regions where development activities are forbidden or restricted, and special or poverty-stricken regions, and improve the basic public service of environmental protection. Local people¡¯s governments at all levels shall guarantee the expenditure in basic public service of environmental protection, and enhance the capacity building for community-level environmental supervision effort. (MoF, NDRC, MEP, SFA, MWR)

b. Improving rural environmental protection level
54. Conduct survey on and evaluation of the drinking water sources in rural areas, and press ahead with the delineation of source water protection areas there; establish and improve the environmental supervision system for rural source water areas, and work harder on the inspection on environmental law enforcement; carry out environmental education and communication campaigns, and raise the awareness of rural residents on protection of source waters; integrate the water supply in urban and rural areas in regions with conditions. (MEP, NDRC, MHURD, MWR, MoA, MoH)

55. Improve the domestic sewage and garbage treatment level in the countryside. (MEP, MHURD, NDRC, MoF)

56. Improve the effort to prevent and control pollution by plantation and aquaculture industries in rural areas; promote the development of eco-agriculture and organic agriculture; conduct surveys on pollution by aquaculture and downsize the aquaculture area and feedstuff in lakes such as Taihu Lake, Chaohu Lake and Hongze Lake. (MoA, MEP, NDRC, SFA)

57. Introduce the target responsibility system for integrated rural environment management, implement clean-up projects in rural areas, develop and spread applicable models and technologies for integrated rural environment management, mobilize resources to villages and towns suffering from prominent environmental pollution problems, and complete the integrated environmental management of 60,000 incorporated villages throughout the country by the year 2015. (MEP, MoF, MoA, MHURD, NDRC, MWR)

58. Optimize the industrial layout in rural areas, set high environmental bars for industrial projects there, and prevent urban pollution and industrial pollution from moving to rural areas; carry out integrated treatment programs for pollution caused by chemical and electroplating companies moved out from rural areas or already shut down. (MEP, NDRC, MIIT, MLR)

c. Working harder on the development of environmental supervision system
59. Improve the statistical, monitoring and evaluation systems for emissions reduction; work harder on the development, supervision and management, and maintenance of automatic monitoring system of pollution sources; enhance the capacity building for the supervision on the reduction of rural pollution and vehicle emissions; promote the standardization of environmental capacities including environmental monitoring, supervision, education and communications, statistics, and information sharing, and substantially raise the fundamental environmental supervision capacities of cities and counties. (MEP, MoA, NDRC, MoF, NBS)

60. Introduce whole-process (including storage and transportation links) monitoring on hazardous chemicals by way of internet of things and e-tags. (MoT, SAWS, MEP, NDRC, MIIT, MoF, MPS, MoST, MoR)

61. Work harder on building the community-level environmental monitoring and enforcement complexes, focusing on the county-level as well as some of the prefecture-level environmental monitoring and environmental supervision and inspection departments in the central and western China; open up funding channels and establish funding guarantee mechanisms, and in accordance with the funding quotas for network operation and equipment updating mechanisms, secure the funds for operation of national and local environmental supervision networks, equipment updating, and maintenance and renovation of office complexes; improve the nuclear and radiation environment monitoring system, set up the supervision-oriented monitoring system for important nuclear facilities and the real-time monitoring system for the discharges of other nuclear facilities, work harder on the development of State research and development bases for nuclear and radiation safety supervision technologies, State key laboratories, and office complexes in this front; enhance the capacity building for emergency response to nuclear and radiation incidents and anti-terrorism activities, and perfect the decision-making, command and dispatch system, as well as the material reserves for the said emergencies. (MEP, NDRC, MoF, MoST, SASTIND, SAWS, MPS, CMA)

62. Introduce environmental statistical system in agricultural sector and rural areas; carry out researches on the total pollutant load control system for non-point pollutants, and explore a verification system for reduced non-point pollutants. (MEP, MoA, NBS)

63. Carry out pilot projects on monitoring of the water quality of source waters in the countryside and of village rivers (reservoirs), advance the development of background ambient air monitoring stations or regional monitoring stations in typical rural areas, enhance the capacity building for mobile monitoring programs, increase the environmental monitoring coverage in the countryside, and initiate the surveys on and evaluation of rural environmental quality; conduct biological monitoring programs; advance the development and application of environmental satellites, establish a national ecological environment monitoring network which combines environmental monitoring by remote sensing technologies using environmental satellites with surface monitoring programs, and carry out the monitoring and evaluation of ecological environmental quality. (MEP, MoF, NDRC, MWR, SFA, SASTIND, CMA, MoA, SOA)

64. Work out a nuclear and radiation safety regulation system and qualification management system for personnel at important positions concerning nuclear safety; foster and introduce high-quality human resources. (MEP, SASTIND, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security (MHRSS), MoE)

V. Improving policies and measures
a. Implementing the environmental target responsibility system
65. Develop indicators for development of ecological civilization, and incorporate them into the performance evaluation system for local people¡¯s governments at all levels; introduce the one-vote down system for environmental protection performances; make meeting appointments with local governments that miss environmental targets or tasks or that are liable for major emergency emergencies, ban new projects in regions with excessive pollution, and hold leading officials concerned accountable. (MEP, Organization Department of CPC Central Committee (OD-CCCPC), MoS, NDRC, and other relevant State departments)

b. Improving the comprehensive decision-making mechanism
66. Improve the environmental management system in which the governments take overall responsibility, environmental departments exercise unified supervision and management, relevant government departments coordinate and cooperate, and the whole society is involved. (MEP and relevant State departments)

c. Working harder on the improvement of legislations
67. Work harder on the fundamental researches on the amendments to laws including environmental protection law, law on prevention and control of atmospheric pollution, law on promotion of cleaner production, law on prevention and control of pollution by solid wastes, law on prevention and control of environmental noise pollution, and environmental impact assessment law; work on the development of legislations on total pollutant load control system, drinking water source conservation, soil environmental protection, administration of pollution discharge permits, prevention and control of pollution by animal and poultry breeding farms, prevention and control of vehicle emissions, management of toxic and hazardous chemicals, nuclear safety and prevention and control of radioactive pollution, and compensation to damages by environmental pollution. (MEP and other relevant State departments)

68. Make overall plans for the development of or amendments to environmental quality standards, emission/discharge standards, nuclear power standards, standards on civil nuclear safety devices, environmental monitoring specifications, standards for the development of and amendments to environmental basic standards, and environmental standards concerning administration and technical specifications; improve the environmental quality standards specific to air, water, seas, and soils, improve the requirements for control of conventional pollutants and toxic and hazardous pollutants specified in the emission/discharge standards, and set stricter requirements for controlling the indirect discharge of water pollutants and for monitoring the environmental quality in the vicinity of private companies; promote the development of environmental standards concerning the identification of environmental risk sources, risk evaluation, and response to environmental emergencies; encourage local regions to develop and enforce local emission/discharge standards. (MEP, AQSIQ, SOA, and other relevant State departments)

d. Improving environmental economic policies
69. Implement the pricing policy for electricity generated by coal-fired power plants which have filtered sulfur out of its flue gas, work out pricing policy for electricity generated by power plants which have installed denitrification facilities, and introduce preferential policies to private companies which have their own wastewater treatment facilities, environmentally sound sludge treatment facilities, desulphurization and denitrification facilities (for companies not in the power industry), and garbage treatment facilities; introduce excess progressive pricing system of water used for other than domestic purposes, and introduce differential pricing policy for water-consuming industries; work out incentive policies and measures for zero discharge of wastewater by businesses. (NDRC, MIIT, MEP, MHURD, MoF, SERC, MWR)

70. Perfect the paid acquisition and use system of emission rights, and develop emission trading market. (MoF, MEP, NDRC, MIIT)

71. Promote the environmental tax-for-fee reform. Implement the polluter pays principle, perfect the charge system for wastewater treatment, and enable the charging level to gradually meet the demands for the stable operation of wastewater treatment facilities and environmentally-sound disposal of sludge; change the way to levy garbage disposal fees, work harder on the fee collection, and appropriately raise the charging level and fiscal subsidies. (MoF, NDRC, MHURD, MEP, State Administration of Taxation (SAT))

72. Establish the credit rating system for the corporate environmental behaviors, and give more credit supports to companies and projects that meet the environmental requirements and honor crediting principles; set up green rating system for banks, link the green credit performances with the performance evaluation, employment opportunity, and career development of banking staff. (The People¡¯s Bank of China (PBC), MEP, China Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC))

73. Promote government green procurement, gradually increase the percentage of eco-labeled products, and introduce the government procurement of environmental services; introduce the sustainable development reserve system for resource-dependent companies. (MoF, MEP, Government Offices Administration of the State Council (GOA), Departmental Affairs Management Bureau of the CPC Central Committee)

74. Explore a national eco-compensation special fund; work on the formulation of eco-compensation regulations; establish eco-compensation mechanism for basins and major ecological function zones. (NDRC, MoF, MEP, MHURD, MoA, MWR, SFA, SOA, SEA)

e. Shoring up the science and technology support
75. Facilitate the development of State key laboratories for environmental protection, engineering technology centers, and field observation stations. (MEP, MoST)

76. Make earnest effort in the research and development of high-techs, key technologies and generic technologies concerning pollution control, ecological conservation, and guard against environmental risks; conduct research and development of technologies for control of nitrogen oxides, heavy metals, persistent organic pollutants, and hazardous chemicals, as well as technologies suited to our national conditions for soil restoration and treatment of agricultural non-point pollution; make tremendous effort to promote the research and development of integrated technologies including the integrated desulphurization and denitrification technology, integrated phosphorous and nitrogen removal technology, and heavy metal removal technologies; work harder on the demonstration and spread of state-of-art technologies. (MoST, MEP, NDRC, MoA, MoF, MWR, MHURD)

f. Developing environmental industry
77. Make earnest effort to promote the development of equipment manufacturing industry which is focused on manufacture of wastewater treatment, garbage disposal, desulphurization and denitrification, soil restoration, and environmental monitoring equipment, and conduct research and development as well as model projects on a batch of new environmental materials, agents, and eco-labeled products; promote the development of multi-industry and inter-company recycling conglomerates; introduce the qualification licensing system for running environmental facilities, and advance the specialization, socialization, and commercialization processes for the construction and operation of pollution control facilities including flue gas desulphurization and denitrification facilities, municipal wastewater and garbage treatment facilities, and hazardous waste disposal facilities, and introduce the concession business system for flue gas desulphurization facilities; develop statistical standards for the environmental industry. (NDRC, MEP, MIIT, CERC, MoC, MHURD, NBS, MoST)

78. Work out policies and measures that help improve the environmental services for investment and financing, design and construction of construction projects, operation and maintenance of environmental facilities, technical consultancy, cleaner production audit, eco-labeling certification, and human resources training. (NDRC, MoF, MEP, AQSIQ, MIIT, MHRSS, PBC)

g. Increasing financial inputs
79. Incorporate environmental funds into the annual budget of governments at all levels and gradually increase the financial inputs; at a proper timing, appropriate more money from government budget for capacity building of environmental protection department at the same level; give more financial supports to central and western regions for environmental protection effort; focusing on promoting the equalization of basic public service of environmental protection and improving environmental quality, perfect the general purpose transfer payment system, and give more transfer payments to national key ecological function zones, central and western regions of the country, and ethnic minority autonomous regions for environmental protection purposes; further implement the policies of "offering financial rewards as incentives for pollution prevention", "offering financial rewards as incentives for pollution treatment", and "rewards for subsidies", and strengthen the guidance of financial resources of governments at all levels. (MoF, NDRC, MEP)

80. Facilitate the innovation of environmental financial products and perfect the market-based financing mechanism; explore the financing mode by mortgage of emission rights; try to create the portfolio of government investment, bank loans, and social capitals; encourage local financing companies with conditions to expand the environmental investment and financing channels by way of direct and indirect financing; support environmental companies with conditions to issue bonds or go public through restructuring, and encourage public environmental companies with conditions to refinance; explore the development of financial leasing of environmental equipment and facilities; encourage the establishment of environmental industry development funds through multiple channels; and channel more funds from venture capital companies, equity investment companies, social donations, and international aids to the environmental protection field. (PBC, MoF, NDRC, MEP, CBRC, China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC), Ministry of Civil Affairs (MCA))

h. Tightening the supervision on environmental law enforcement
81. Perfect the environmental supervision and inspection schemes and mechanisms, specify the environmental law enforcement responsibilities and procedures, and improve the law enforcement efficiency; establish cooperation mechanisms on environmental law enforcement among different administrative regions and among different departments; continue with environmental safety supervision and inspection, and eliminate environmental risks; enhance the environmental supervision during the acceptance of industrial transfer; organize follow-up supervision on the enforcement of environmental legislations and correction of environmental problems, and perfect the accountability system for major environmental incidents and pollution incidents; encourage the setup of environmental protection courts. (MEP, NDRC, MPS, MIIT, SAWS, MoJ, MoS)

i. Mobilizing the enthusiasm of local people¡¯s governments
82. Further improve the comprehensive performance evaluation system for leading officials, guide local people¡¯s governments at all levels to put environmental protection effort on a highlighted position, and work out solutions to major environmental problems in local regions on a timely basis; perfect the mechanism for management of environmental inputs of Central Government, and mobilize local governments to increase environmental inputs. (OD-CCCPC, MoS, NDRC, MoF, MEP and other relevant State departments)

j. Making earnest effort to encourage the whole nation to participate in environmental protection effort
83. Implement the action plan for environmental education of the whole nation, and mobilize the entire society to participate in environmental protection effort; promote green campaigns, and advocate green production patterns and lifestyles. (MEP, Publicity Department of CCCPC, Office of the Spiritual Civilization Development Steering Commission-CCCPC, MoE, Central Committee of Communist Youth League, All-China Women¡¯s Federation)

k. Enhancing international environmental cooperation
84. Enhance the environmental cooperation with other countries and international organizations, introduce state-of-art environmental ideas, management mode, pollution treatment technologies and capitals from abroad, and publicize China¡¯s environmental policies and progress; divert more funds from Central Government budget to the implementation of environmental conventions, and explore the funding guarantee mechanism which combines international resources with funds from other sources for the conventions implementation; take initiative in negotiations concerning environment and trade as well as the development of relevant rules, enhance the coordination between environment and trade, and safeguard China¡¯s environmental rights and interests. (MEP, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, NDRC, MoF, MoC, SASTIND, SOA, MoST, MoT)

85. Work on the adjustments to import and export tariff policies concerning highly polluting products with high environmental risks, and contain the export of energy-intensive products with excessive pollution; enhance the environmental supervision on the import and export trade, forbid the introduction of products, technologies and facilities not compliant with environmental standards from abroad, and make tremendous effort to promote green trade. (MEP, MoF, SAT, GAC, MoC, NDRC)

(This English version is for your reference only.In case any discrepancy exists between the Chinese and English context, the Chinese version shall prevail.)
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