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MEP Vice Minister Wu Xiaoqing Introduces the Ambient Air Quality Standard and Answers the Questions of Journalists

[Mr. Hua Qing, Vice Director General of News Bureau of the State Council Information Office] Ladies and gentlemen and media friends, Good morning. Welcome to the news conference of the State Council Information Office today. Premier Wen Jiabao chaired an executive meeting of the State Council on February 29, which approved the release of the newly revised Ambient Air Quality Standard and made arrangements for strengthening comprehensive prevention and control of atmospheric pollution.  [2012-03-0210:12:51]
[Mr. Hua Qing] This morning, MEP Vice Minister Wu Xiaoqing attends this news conference of the State Council Information Office, meet Chinese and international reporters, introduce the Ambient Air Quality Standard and answer your questions. Mr. Zhao Yinlin, DG of MEP Department of Science, Technology and Standards, Mr. Zhao Hualin, DG of MEP Department of Pollution Prevention and Control and Mr. Luo Yi, Director General of China National Environmental Monitoring Center also attend the news conference. Now, please invite Vice Minister Wu to give an introduction.  [2012-03-0210:13:35]
[MEP Vice Minister Wu Xiaoqing] All guests and media friends, good morning. [2012-03-0210:14:42]
[Wu Xiaoqing] The revision of Ambient Air Quality Standard attracting wide public attention recently has been successfully completed. Premier Wen Jiabao chaired an executive meeting of the State Council on February 29, which approved the release of newly revised Ambient Air Quality Standard. Next, I would give a brief introduction about the new standard and its supporting technical specifications and requirements.  [2012-03-0210:14:41]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Ambient Air Quality Standard has attracted high public attention since the initiation of its amendment in January, 2008. In particular, continuous haze weather occurred in some parts of our country over the past few years, news media and the public hope prompt release of new Ambient Air Quality Standard which includes PM2.5 in the routine monitoring items.  [2012-03-0210:16:23]
[Wu Xiaoqing] CCCPC and the State Council attach great importance to the amendment of Ambient Air Quality Standard. During the amendment process of the standard, we have adhered to the principles of "being practical and realistic; open, fairness and justice", listened to many times of the comments and suggestions of the public, experts, local environmental protection departments and relevant organizations, made the amendment in a scientific way and accelerated the administration review and approval process.  [2012-03-0210:17:58]
[Wu Xiaoqing] MEP executive meeting reviewed and approved the new standard on December 30, 2011 and delivered it to General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine on January 5, 2012 for joint signature. Ministry of Environmental Protection and General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine jointly issued the Ambient Air Quality Standard (GB 3095-2012) on February 29, 2012. Meanwhile, Ministry of Environmental Protection has released the Technical Specifications for Ambient Air Quality Index (AQI) and Circular on the Implementation of 'Ambient Air Quality Standard' to support implementation of this standard.  [2012-03-0210:18:20]
[Wu Xiaoqing]  Compared with existing Ambient Air Quality Standard, the new standard stresses the protection of human health as the prime objective, adjusts the classification program for ambient air function areas; further expands protection scope for the people.  [2012-03-0210:20:10]
[Wu Xiaoqing] This standard has adjustments, additions, stricter limits and new contents. We adjust pollutant items and their limits, add PM2.5 average limit and 8-hour average concentration limit of O3; impose stricter limits for pollutants such as PM10; make stricter requirement for statistic validity of monitoring data (i.e. the percent of valid data will go up from 50%~75% to 75%~90%); renew analytical methods for pollutants such as SO2, NO2, ozone and particulates with addition of automatic monitoring analysis method; make clear the implementation of the standard in different stages and require that any major cities on prevention and control of air pollution failing to meet the standard shall develop and implement the plan for meeting the air quality standard according to the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Atmospheric Pollution.  [2012-03-0210:21:30]
[Wu Xiaoqing] In general, the pollutant control items in the new Ambient Air Quality Standard follow international practice. However, because China is still a developing country, its economic and technical development level determines that China could only comply with the WHO stage I limits of the pollutants such as PM10 and PM2.5 widely adopted by developing countries. In this sense, the new standard only follows the lower limit of international standard. To practically meet more stringent guiding limit of WHO, there still is a long way to go for our country.  [2012-03-0210:21:45]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Talking about the Technical Specifications for Ambient Air Quality Index, in view of inconsistency between existing API assessment result and public feel, the newly released Technical Specifications for Ambient Air Quality Index (AQI) further stresses the guiding role of AQI in servicing public health, adds pollution item under assessment, adjusts the classification expression, and improves the way of releasing monitoring data and AQI. The release of concentration of major pollutants and AQI of each monitoring site as well as corresponding air quality assessment result on the hour provides a reference for the public to understand environmental quality and appropriately arrange their life and travel.  [2012-03-0210:24:57]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Regarding the implementation of the new standard which is of common concern, Ministry of Environmental Protection has printed out and distributed the Circular on the Implementation of Ambient Air Quality Standard (hereinafter referred to as the Circular). The Circular clearly requires that key regions such as Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, the Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta, municipalities directly under the central government and capital city of each province should implement the standard as of January 1 of 2012; 113 major cities on environmental protection and model cities on environmental protection implement the standard as of January 1 of 2013; all cities at or above prefecture level implement the standard as of January 1 of 2015; and the whole country implement the new standard as of January 1 of 2016. Therefore, January 1, 2016 will be the deadline for the implementation of the standard across the whole county. [2012-03-0210:25:31]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Meanwhile, the Circular notes that Ministry of Environmental Protection encourages the people’s government of each province (autonomous region and municipality) to implement the new standard before the above mentioned time based on practical conditions and local requirements for environmental protection. Key regions with good economic and technical foundation and relatively preeminent combined air pollution such as Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, the Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta should be one of the first regions to implement new ambient air quality standard, obtain consistency of monitoring results with public feel and follow international practice as early as possible.  [2012-03-0210:28:19]
[Wu Xiaoqing] The Circular requires that with development of local plan for meeting ambient air quality standard, each province, autonomous region and municipality should raise environmental access, deepen joint prevention and control air pollutants at regional level, strengthen prevention and control of vehicle pollution, make more investment in the control of air pollution, strengthen the measures such as prediction and early warning of the weather with heavy pollution, achieve gradual improvement of ambient air quality, strive for meeting air quality standard as early as possible, and practically ensure public health.   [2012-03-0210:27:59]
[Wu Xiaoqing] The release of Ambient Air Quality Standard has milestone significance in environmental protection history of China and marks the transformations of focuses of environmental protection from control of pollutants to environment quality management, from control of local pollution to joint prevention and control at regional level, from control of primary pollutants to control of secondary pollutants, from control of individual pollutants to synergy control of several kinds of pollutants. These transformations will put forward higher requirements for environmental protection work of our country.[2012-03-0210:29:22]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Vice Premier Li Keqiang pointed out at the Seventh National Conference on Environmental Protection: "Including PM2.5 as a routine indicator for air quality monitoring is not only a great progress of environmental protection, but also a turning point for economic structure and consumption pattern." With stronger determination and greater strength, Environmental protection department is willing to work with all sectors of the society and make unremitting efforts for achieving clean air and blue sky in our county as soon as possible".  [2012-03-0210:29:45]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Next, I would like to answer your questions about the release and implementation of the new standard.  [2012-03-0210:29:23]
[A journalist from China Radio International] Why does it take so long time for Ambient Air Quality Standard from official release to full implementation? What active influence will be for improving air quality of our country after the implementation of the newly revised Ambient Air Quality Standard? Thank you.  [2012-03-0210:32:11]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Ambient Air Quality Standard is a kind of compulsory technical regulations. Environmental management capacity of each region varies due to imbalanced economic development in our country. To safeguard the seriousness and national standard and ensure effective implementation, almost all environmental protection standards are released in advance and MEP encourages all regions to implement these environmental standards before the specified deadline. So is Ambient Air Quality Standard.  [2012-03-0210:32:39]
[Wu Xiaoqing] On account of factors such as change pattern of pollution characteristics of ambient air quality, economic development level and management requirements of our country, our country starts the staged implementation of the newly revised Ambient Air Quality Standard since the date of release.  [2012-03-0210:33:37]
[Wu Xiaoqing] The Circular requires that the three key regions and capital city of each province with relatively more haze days and heavy combined air pollution shall carry out this standard in 2012. As I mentioned a moment ago, other cities and regions are required to carry out the new standard no later than January 1, 2016. I just make clear to you the deadline.  [2012-03-0210:34:07]
[Wu Xiaoqing] The implementation of the new air quality standard serving as a milestone, environmental protection work of our country will transform from the stage of control total discharge of pollutants to the stage of management of environmental quality and risk control, this will bring profound influence to the thinking and ideas on environmental management of our country.  [2012-03-0210:34:42]
[Wu Xiaoqing] On one hand, including PM2.5 in the new standard is important reflections that environmental protection puts the people first and protects human health. It has great significance in facilitating our country to gradually follow international ambient air quality standard, improving our work on assessment of ambient air quality, guiding public travel, eliminating or mitigating the inconsistence between public feel and monitoring results and raising credibility of our country government and international image of our country.  [2012-03-0210:35:03]
[Wu Xiaoqing] On the other hand, to address PM2.5 pollution, we must achieve the transformations from the control local pollution to joint prevention and control of pollution, from control of primary pollution to the control of secondary pollution, from the control of pollution mainly from industries to the control in many areas such as urban planning, public transport, building and ecological conservation. These transformations will impose higher requirements for environmental protection work of our country.  [2012-03-0210:35:25]
[Journalist from CCTV] The executive meeting of the State Council two days ago put forward five requirements for continuous improvement of air quality. I would like to ask Vice Minister Wu, what kind of measures will MEPF take to facilitate the monitoring and control of PM2.5? [2012-03-0210:35:12]
[Wu Xiaoqing] At present, the public has strong concern on monitoring of PM2.5, however, how to control PM2.5 should be the key. The study findings show that there are wide sources of PM2.5 with complex causes. There are direct emitted particulates due to coal combustion, vehicle emissions, flying dust and burning of biomass as well as secondary particulates due to complicated chemical reactions of pollutants in air such as SO2, NOx, ammonia and VOCs. These particulates come from both local pollution sources and long-distance movement of other sources. These characteristics determine that comprehensive prevention and control measures should be taken to prevent and control PM2.5 pollution.  [2012-03-0210:52:59]
[Wu Xiaoqing] To successfully prevent and control air pollution with PM2.5 as the focus, Ministry of Environmental Protection will work with relevant local governments and departments to do well activities in the following six areas: 1) optimize industrial structure and layout. 2) raise environmental access. 3) make more efforts in emission reduction. 4) make good prevention and control of vehicle pollution. 5) strengthen synergy in prevention and control of pollution. 6) mobilize full public participation.  [2012-03-0210:53:42]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Mobilizing full public participation is very important. Protecting the environment and improving air quality need long-term unremitting efforts of the whole society; active participation of institutions, enterprises, social organizations and all citizens as well as promotion and practice of green production pattern and life style.  [2012-03-0210:54:13]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Regarding the activities of the above six aspects, environmental protection department will work with relevant local governments and departments to develop and carry out well the plan and countermeasures for prevention and control of pollution. Environmental protection department is willing to work with all social forces to achieve good air quality as soon as possible with greater determination and more efforts.  [2012-03-0210:55:03]
[Journalist from The New York Times] Could you talk about the five types oil tax in China, including the collection of high-rate diesel tax and taxes concerning other sulfur diesel. Could you introduce the measures in this aspect? How these measures are reflected?  [2012-03-0211:00:40]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Tax issues go beyond the function and responsibility of our department. Vehicle oil standard and vehicle emission standards in our country are closed related. At present, there are two kinds of vehicle emission standards in our country. One type is emission standard for diesel vehicles; another type is emission standards for petrol vehicles.  [2012-03-0211:00:36]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Presently, our country has developed and released Grade III, IV and V emission standards for diesel vehicles. However, there is no national standard for Grade Ⅳ vehicle diesel, and the supply of diesel for Grade Ⅲ vehicles is still not sufficient. China has released national Ⅳ emission standard for petrol automobiles, and the development of national Grade Ⅴemission standard for petrol automobiles is under way. At present, our market cannot guarantee full supply of petrol meeting national Ⅳ standard.        [2012-03-0211:01:43]
[Wu Xiaoqing] As for the tax you mentioned, I think that it is better to ask taxation department.  [2012-03-0211:02:29]
[Journalist from Xinhua News Agency] I have two questions. The first is about the implementation of the new standard. Now that the new standard is released, the next concern is how to implement it. We see the regulations on the implementation of the standard in several stages, several time lines cause our attention. I would like to ask that in what way to ensure the implementation of the new standard in all cities at or above prefecture level in 2015, and all cities and regions across China since January 1, 2016—which is the deadline? My second question is about monitoring of PM2.5. Many people also pay high attention to this issue, they would employ their mobile phone or software to get access to real-time monitoring data. Some embassies in Beijing also make public their monitoring data. A considerable amount of data differs from the official data. I learned from previous interview that this may have something to do with the differences of monitoring sites, sampling time and analytical methods, could you give us your explanation? Thank you.  [2012-03-0211:03:55]
[Wu Xiaoqing] What we mentioned full-scale implementation after January 1, 2016 refers to both monitoring and release of monitoring data. The monitoring will be conducted according to the new standard with real-time release of monitoring data. It is planned that all regions across the country will monitor and assess ambient air quality in line with the new standard no later than January of 2016. It is implementation in different stages not wait and means design and preparation in advance. We think that we should do well the following activities. First, we should do well the basic work for the implementation of the new standard, this will need time.  [2012-03-0211:04:57]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Based on the requirements of the new standard, we will adjust and optimize air quality monitoring sites in our country and make appropriate layout of the national monitoring network for ambient air quality in order to monitor in a scientific way. According to the technical specifications for ambient air, cities at or above prefecture levels across the country will appropriately set monitoring sites in line with objective and representative principle. We estimate that about 1500 monitor sites will be needed across the country to carry out the new standard, and this will need time.  [2012-03-0211:05:56]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Second, we will choose appropriate type of PM2.5 monitoring equipment. Ministry of Environmental Protection had first trial monitoring of PM2.5 and ozone in cities of the Pearl River delta as early as 2006 and then trial monitoring  in 26 cities one after another, these have laid a good foundation for the monitoring of PM2.5 and ozone specified in the new standard.  [2012-03-0211:07:02]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Third, we will make more efforts in training to improve the capacity and develop the monitoring capability as early as possible.  [2012-03-0211:07:51]
[Wu Xiaoqing ] After the release of the new standard, we have made relevant preparations to ensure that all pollutants specified in the new standard will be monitored with accuracy with sound explanations. Finally, we will establish complete system for management, control, assessment and release system for environment quality, ensure the accuracy of monitoring data, and provide the public with various information about environment quality.   [2012-03-0211:08:24]
[Wu Xiaoqing] You mentioned the issue of meeting the standard, according to our estimate, 2/3 cities in our country cannot meet air quality standard after the implementation of the new standard. This indicates that we will face graver challenges in ambient environment and more onerous task in the control of air pollution. Only with long-term unremitting efforts can we improve ambient air quality of our country.  [2012-03-0211:08:55]
[Wu Xiaoqing] We believe that voluntary monitoring on PM2.5 by individuals and civil organizations indicates stronger public awareness in environmental protection, the failure of existing monitoring data to meet public needs and much room for improvement in environmental protection work. We highly appreciate public  support to and understanding about environmental protection work.  [2012-03-0211:10:08]
[Wu Xiaoqing] In order to improve our work in particular monitoring on ambient air quality, we actively invite the public and environment activists to visit our monitoring labs and understand the process of monitoring ambient air quality and how to conduct effective monitoring in accordance with technical standard for environment monitoring.   [2012-03-0211:11:14]
[Wu Xiaoqing] In addition, the people engaged in environment monitoring should communicate with the public and environmental volunteers and introduce them the technical essentials and technical methods for monitoring of ambient air. This kind interaction will enable all the members and all sectors of the society fully and more comprehensively understand the process of monitoring ambient air quality in our country.  [2012-03-0211:10:56]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Of course we should point out that there are clear technical requirements for monitoring of ambient air quality based on national standard and monitoring methods. For example, our country identifies two kinds of methods for monitoring PM2.5. One type is manual monitoring method and the other automatic monitoring method. The above mentioned two methods are standard one for assessing air quality, and the data resulting from other monitoring methods may serve as a reference. Whatever the method employed, we believe that accelerating the control of atmospheric pollution especially PM2.5 is the most important task.  [2012-03-0211:11:17]
[Journalist from Hang Kong Wen Wei Po] I have a question about heavy metal pollution. There are frequent occurrence of heavy metal pollution accidents over the past few years, facing these pollution accidents, what plan does Ministry of Environmental Protection have?  [2012-03-0211:12:42]
[Wu Xiaoqing] There have been several heavy metal pollution accidents in our country over the past few years, which cause serious threats to public health and affect social stability. Our country attaches great importance to this issue. It has released a series of policy measures to carry out  comprehensive prevention and control of heavy metal pollution.  [2012-03-0211:18:33]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Ministry of Environmental Protection has conducted special environmental protection campaigns focusing on cracking down on the enterprises that discharge heavy metal pollutants against the law for the third consecutive year. We checked more than 10,000 enterprises in 2011. Each region has conducted effective control activities. Over 1000 enterprises with serious heavy metal pollution across the country have been shut down over the past two years. It can be said that our country is gradually promoting the prevention and control of heavy metal pollution with gradual optimization of heavy metal industrial structure.  [2012-03-0211:19:41]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Heavy metal pollution has its characteristics. The biggest problem of heavy metal pollution is the long-term accumulation, it takes time and big efforts to address heavy metal pollution problem. Next, MEP will continuously implement all tasks specified in the "12th Five-Year National Plan for Prevention and Control of Heavy Metal Pollution" released by the State Council last year.  [2012-03-0211:19:25]
[Wu Xiaoqing] This year, we will work with 8 ministries and commissions to  keep on the special action on prevention and control of heavy metal pollution, continuously investigate in an all round way the risks of all enterprises discharging heavy metal pollutants, and strictly carry out each prevention and control measure. Any such enterprise failing to meet the requirements shall be ordered to stop operation for corrections or even shut down. In case of any heavy metal pollution accident, MEP will take strict measures such as the rejection of EIS of any new construction project in the region with excessive pollution load, face-to-face talk and accountability system to the local government involved. In doing so, we will curb the frequent occurrence of heavy metal pollution accidents at the root.  [2012-03-0211:19:50]
[A journalist from China Daily] I have a question for Vice Minister Wu Xiaoqing. What is your view about the monitoring and release of PM2.5 data by foreign embassies in Beijing? Does MEP have any plan this year for the control of PM2.5? [2012-03-0211:20:14]
[Wu Xiaoqing] First, technically, monitoring ambient air quality should comply with the requirements of relevant monitoring technical standards. This will involve many factors such as the distribution of monitoring sites, qualification of monitoring workers, selection of analytical methods and the type of monitoring equipment and adopt strict QC and QA measures for monitoring data. Only in this way can we guarantee the accuracy of monitoring data.  [2012-03-0211:24:25]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Second, according to the requirements of monitoring technical standard, daily air quality of a city does not have representativeness until comprehensive assessment is conducted to compare the daily average monitoring data of many monitoring sites and several monitoring indexes with national air quality standard. This is the principle that our foreign counterparts understand and comply with. Our new air quality standard and new assessment technical standard are consistent with relevant international standards and technical specifications. Therefore, the practice of employing only daily average concentration of PM2.5 to assess air quality does not comply with relevant technical standard popular in the world. It cannot truly reflect the true air quality of the locality, not to mention the ambient air quality of Beijing municipality.  [2012-03-0211:25:28]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Third, Beijing will make public real-time monitoring data of PM2.5, PM10, SO2, NO2, ozone and CO concentration of each monitoring site as well as AQI according to the new technical standard. The monitoring results will be more comprehensive and representive.  [2012-03-0211:25:42]
[Wu Xiaoqing] I want to make clear that the monitoring sites of Beijing for ambient air quality cover the areas with concentration of foreign embassies. It should meet the demands or needs of the public including the foreign embassy staff for understanding of air quality of Beijing.    [2012-03-0211:26:51]
[Journalist from China Youth Daily] Vice Minister Wu mentioned a moment ago that 2/3 cities will not meet the new standard. Is there a compulsory emission reduction schedule for those cities failing to meet the standard? Beijing recently makes public its program on meeting the standard, how do you comment their program? I learned that it will strengthen early warning and supervision mechanism. Will we give early warning for the weather failing to meet Grade V air quality standard or what kind of early warning will we adopt? [2012-03-0211:28:26]
[Wu Xiaoqing] The failure of 2/3 cities to meet PM2.5 standard as I said a moment ago does not mean the degradation of the ambient air quality of these cities, it is mainly due to stricter limits. To help these cities meet air quality standard as early as possible, MEP is carry out activities in the following two areas. [2012-03-0211:29:10]
[Wu Xiaoqing] 1) we are organizing the development of the national plan for prevention and control of atmospheric pollution in key regions. It is planned that preeminent regional air pollution problems such as PM2.5 and ozone will be addressed during 2011-2015 based on improvement of urban air quality. With measures such as optimizing industrial structure, improving energy mix, implementing synergy control of several kinds of pollutants and strengthening control of industrial pollution and vehicle emissions, we will effectively reduce the emissions of SO2, NOx, particulates and VOCs with the reduction of indexes such as particulates, SO2 and NO2 and primary control of regional air pollution such as PM2.5 and ozone in the cities of some key regions by the end of 2015.  [2012-03-0211:30:23]
[Wu Xiaoqing] On the other hand, the people’s government of each region shall develop the plan for meeting air quality standard, adopt stricter comprehensive measures for prevention and control of atmospheric pollution, strive for better air quality, reduce the concentrations of air pollutants, meet the plan in time according to the requirements of the Law of the People's Republic of China on Prevention and Control of Atmospheric Pollution.  [2012-03-0211:30:57]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Ministry of Environmental Protection actively takes part in the Program of Beijing on Prevention and Control of Atmospheric Pollution focusing on PM2.5. Next, MEP will actively support Beijing to successfully carry out each control measure.  [2012-03-0211:31:22]
[Journalist from No.1 Finance and Economic Channel of Shanghai TV] Reading relevant information, I learned there is a change of environmental protection work, that is, the transformation from control of total discharge of pollutants to the management of environment quality and prevention of environmental risks. Is there a trend of the combining pollution control with the prevention of environmental risks? What kinds of industries will be our focus for prevention and control of pollution in the next few years? Are there any specific measures? What kinds of industries will be our focus for prevention of environmental risks and what specific measures if any? [2012-03-0211:32:22]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Prevention and control of environment pollution has always been the top priority of environmental protection work. In the "12th Five-Year Plan" period, to ensure the achievement of energy saving and emission reduction as well as pollution control is the work that both the central and local governments should do well.  [2012-03-0211:32:09]
[Wu Xiaoqing] While successfully preventing and controlling pollution, we will pay high attention to the industries with frequent environmental pollution accidents such as heavy metal industry. Heavy metal industry is of special concern and prone to frequent environmental pollution accidents. In summary, emission reduction is the base for meeting environment quality; ambient air meeting national standard is the objective of environmental protection work and reducing environmental risks is the top priority of our work. These industries involve industries such as heavy metal, petroleum and chemicals.  [2012-03-0211:33:17]
[Journalist from the Beijing News] What is the kind of designated monitoring equipment? Do domestic manufacturers have the capacity in manufacturing this type of equipment? You just said that our country will establish 1500 monitoring sites, what will be the total investment for it? Is there any artificial data distortion at local level, and how will MEP further strengthen supervision if any? Another question, what kinds of experience or measures of Beijing can be extended across the country, and what is not applicable at national or regional levels? You mentioned that 2/3 cities in China cannot meet the new standard, is there any models to predict how many years will be needed to meet the new standard with very strong efforts across the country or how long it will take under the worst circumstance?   [2012-03-0211:33:06]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Up to the end of 2011, 56 cities in our country had capacity in monitoring PM2.5 or ozone with 169 sets of relevant monitoring equipment, 50 of them had the capacity in monitoring both PM2.5 and ozone.  [2012-03-0211:36:46]
[Wu Xiaoqing] I already mentioned PM2.5 monitoring method, that is, manual and automatic methods. The manual method is the standard method specified in the standard, that is to say, other two automatic monitoring methods should compare and calibrate with it. Both the manual and automatic monitoring methods are technically mature and are popular in the world.  [2012-03-0211:37:52]
[Wu Xiaoqing] According to our primary estimate, over 1500 monitoring sites will be established during the "12th Five-Year Plan" period with previous investment over 2 billion yuan, the annual increment will be over 100 million yuan.  [2012-03-0211:38:26]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Some regions including Beijing have certain good experience and practice in the control of air pollution such as PM2.5, we will summarize them in time and extend them to other parts of the country. For example, our good experience in prevention and control of atmospheric pollution in the past few years is joint prevention and control at regional level. These are good experience and practices of some municipalities and provinces in prevention and control atmospheric pollution and ensuring good air quality during Beijing Olympic Games over the past few years, which have extended across the country.   [2012-03-0211:38:08]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Today I would like to thank our friends and reporters in news media. We have good communications and interaction. Thank you for your attention, concern, understanding and support to environmental protection work especially to ambient air quality standard. I hope that journalists keep on their support and attention to the implementation work of this new standard.  [2012-03-0211:38:42]
[Wu Xiaoqing] Now I would like to tell you that having finished the revision of Ambient Air Quality Standard, now we start the amendment of the Environment Quality Standard for Surface Water. This will be the amendment and revision of another major environmental quality standard of our country. I hope we will continuously obtain the attention and support of our friends in news media.   [2012-03-0211:39:47]
[Hua Qing] That is all for the news conference this morning. Thank you our journalist friends!  Thank you Vice Minister Wu.  [2012-03-0211:40:16]

 

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